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Parents' Roles at Different Stages

Development Traits

Developmental knowledge, skills and attitude


Lower Primary Level

  • Needs and seeks attention from praise.
  • Has boundless energy.
  • Considers fantasy as reality.
  • Needs confidence building.
  • Shows a variety of tension releasing behaviours.
  • Distinguish between work and play.
  • Identify different types of work.
  • Experience different types of work activities.
  • Know how decisions are made.
  • Acquire a positive work attitude.
  • Identify personal feelings.
  • Listen and encourage.
  • Encourage involvement in a variety of sports/hobbies.
  • Positively reinforce child for completing chores.
  • Praise efforts towards work as well as accomplishments.
  • Show an interest in and stress importance of school.
  • Give toys that promote role playing.
  • Make decisions with/not for your children.

Upper Primary Level

  • Is more independent.
  • Feels that belonging to a group and friends are important.
  • Can assume more responsibility.
  • Has a surprising scope of interests.
  • Can think independently but is easily influenced by others.
  • Identify personal interests, abilities, strengths, and weaknesses.
  • Describe one’s responsibilities at home and/or school and relates them it to jobs in community.
  • Describe how work is important and attainable to all people.
  • Describe how personal beliefs and values affect decision making.
  • Encourage good work habits at home.
  • Gradually add responsibilities. Effort and experience are often more important than quality.
  • Avoid assigning jobs at home by sex to avoid stereotyping.
  • Introduce and explain different professions as we meet in the daily life.
  • Participate in school’s career education programme.
  • Listen as child makes decisions.
  • Be ware of peer influence and pressure.

Lower Secondary Level

  • Is undergoing dramatic physical changes.
  • Is sensitive and has a need for approval.
  • Tries to build a unique identity apart from parent’s influence.
  • Wants more independence.
  • Is curious but not ready for planning.
  • Expresses feelings more openly.
  • Demonstrate effective skills in working with others.
  • Show an appreciation for the similarities and differences among people.
  • Identify strategies for managing personal finances.
  • Describe skills needed in a variety of occupations.
  • Selection of subjects of the upper secondary levels.
  • Demonstrate skills needed to obtain and keep a job.
  • Discuss with your child about his skills, interests, abilities, and goals to help plan for the future.
  • Encourage participation in service oriented activities in the community.
  • Help children meet a variety of professions by arranging job observations, field trips, or personal interviews.
  • Guide children in managing their money and encourage them to make economic choices.
  • Help and encourage them to participate in job shadowing and other work-based activities.

Upper Secondary Level

  • Develops a sense of self-identity.
  • Begins a more prominent and realistic work/career search.
  • Develops concern about social issues.
  • Matures sexually with physical and emotional changes.
  • Increases independence.
  • Understand how individual personality, abilities, and interests relate to career goals.
  • Understand how education relates to college majors, further training and/or entry into the job market.
  • Demonstrate transferable skills that can apply to variety of occupations and changing work requirements.
  • Be able to use a wide variety of career information resources.
  • Show responsible decision making.
  • Help your child make independent decisions.
  • Encourage exploration of post secondary education opportunities.
  • Involve yourself in your child’s future planning.
  • Give certain financial responsibilities.
  • Encourage job awareness.
  • Be flexible as the decision-making process evolves. It takes patience and numerous modifications.